Java difference between FileWriter and BufferedWriter

BufferedWriter is more efficient if you

  • have multiple writes between flush/close
  • the writes are small compared with the buffer size.

In your example, you have only one write, so the BufferedWriter just add overhead you don’t need.

so does that mean the first example writes the characters one by one and the second first buffers it to the memory and writes it once

In both cases, the string is written at once.

If you use just FileWriter your write(String) calls

 public void write(String str, int off, int len) 
        // some code
        str.getChars(off, (off + len), cbuf, 0);
        write(cbuf, 0, len);

This makes one system call, per call to write(String).

Where BufferedWriter improves efficiency is in multiple small writes.

for(int i = 0; i < 100; i++) {

Without a BufferedWriter this could make 200 (2 * 100) system calls and writes to disk which is inefficient. With a BufferedWriter, these can all be buffered together and as the default buffer size is 8192 characters this become just 1 system call to write.